Children who by September have reached 6 years of age are obliged by law on education to enroll in the first year of primary education. By the request of a parent and by the assessment of doctor and psychologist, a child, who has not reached 6 years of age yet, may be enrolled in the first class. The final decision will be taken by the Municipal Education Directorate. The obligation to enroll in the school may be postponed by a child for different medical reasons. No student will be exempted from obligatory education because of physical or mental disabilities. In these cases the obligatory education can be provided by special educational schools with a special program based on the child’s special needs. The obligatory education ends with the completion of ninth class or at the time the student reaches 15 years of age, depending on which one comes first.
Schools cover a certain area and all students, who have reached the age of obligatory education and who live in that area, are entitled to enroll in school at the respective level. The law obliges all parents to enroll their children to pursue the obligatory 9-year education (5+4). Parents should create normal and favorable conditions in the house to enable children to study and to fulfill the obligation of attending the school.
The right of children of national minorities to study in their mother language – Law on education guarantees equal education to all communities in Kosovo. Every child has the right to study in his/her mother language at primary and secondary school if the conditions provided by the Ministry are met. The enrollment of foreigners or people without citizenship can be done by the decision of the MEST.
Enrollment in the first class of primary education – Schools are obliged to enroll all students living in the area they cover. The parents may request for the enrollment of their children in another educational institution even though they live out of the area covered by that institution. The request is reviewed by the municipality and based on the vacant positions in that educational institution the decision is taken.
In order to enroll the child in the first class, a parent should present these documents: ? Child’s birth certificate ? Child’s medical card ? Documents certifying the identity and the residence of the parent ? Registration form, which is filled out at the time of enrollment in the respective institution.
The State still does not have a test for the children enrolling in the first class. The requirements for a student to enroll in a private school are determined by the private schools.
Organization of teaching
In the state of Kosovo the academic year begins on 1 September and ends in June. The organizing units of study are as below: ? One teaching hour (45 min) ? One teaching day ? One teaching week ? Semi annual teaching
The rules of students’ behavior are defined by the Code of Conduct. This Code is issued by the MEST with UA. This code defines the main rules of behavior, necessary studying conditions, protection of school properties, use of school facilities and uniform. The Ministry of Education, Science and Technology should announce the Academic School Calendar for the following school year.
Number of students in classroom
The average number of students per classroom in the schools of Kosovo is 35. In terms of minority education, teachers in proportion to students are 1 to 14, whereas for Albanians of Kosovo is 1 to 21. All teachers in Kosovo took part in professional trainings which were organized by many international and national agencies. In 2006, 70% of the teachers were trained.
The students should be evaluated by the class teacher or course teacher based on the capability to study, knowledge, and efforts of the student. Grades inform the student and the parents about the results of the student in school. At the end of the school year students, who have successfully passed all exams, are issued the certificate for that year.