Children without parental care enjoy a special social protection.
The main reasons that children are left without parental care are:
- Dead or missing parents
- Parents’ abandonment of children
- Temporary or permanent parental negligence because of different reasons
Types of children’s care are custodianship, foster care, residential shelter, and adoption.
A large number of children are in need of parental care. Therefore, many short-term and long-term custody centers for abandoned children and children in need were opened by different non-governmental organizations.