The procedure of adoption is a procedure of taking under care of children, who for different reasons are not under the care of their parents, in order to provide children with a family. Courts are competent for allowing the adoption of a child.

The child adoption is allowed if it serves the welfare of children and if it is expected that between the adopting parent and the child a parent-child relationship will be created.
Only the adoption of minor children is permissible.

The child adoption can be done by:

  • Spouses with mutual consent with the exception of extraordinary cases. At least one of the spouses must be at least 25 years of age whereas the other spouse can be 21 years of age.
  • The unmarried persons only if they are at least 21 years of age.

In case the child is older than 14 years the consent of the child is required.
After the adoption the period of first three months is considered as probation period during which the court will oversee and assess the custodianship.

Persons who are not citizens of Kosovo must meet special conditions for adoption that are determined by law.