In Kosovo there is a high rate of unemployment of up to 44%. Since the high unemployment rates also create social problems a special attention should be paid to the employment policies. Although there is a great potential of labor class for future in Kosovo, we are not able to ensure sufficient employment opportunities for our young people regardless of their training or qualification. We still don’t have a strong economy that would provide for all those willing to work.
Under the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare (MLSW) the collective agreement for all employees in the Republic of Kosovo was ratified.
The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare is maximally committed to rendering the necessary services for the employees in Kosovo and to creating conditions for the jobseekers to get professionally trained in those profiles required by the economy of labor market.
Recalling the Declaration of the International Labor Organization on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work aimed at promoting and realizing their universal application in good faith and for the purpose of setting out the essential labor law in Kosovo the Regulation for the essential labor law in Kosovo was approved. This regulation regulates employment in Kosovo, including employment relationships under which work or services are performed. Employment relationships within the public service, UNMIK, KFOR and the offices or missions of foreign governments and international governmental organizations are not regulated by this regulation.
This regulation regulates the implementation and protection of the principle of equality of individuals and their groups from all forms of discrimination, by helping in the prevention of these forms.
The purpose of this regulation is to ensure the right of every individual for equality before law and equal protection by law.
A labor contract is concluded in writing and in an official language used in Kosovo. The labor contract should be signed and dated by the employer and the employee.
Minimum age for employment – Eighteen (18) years of age is the minimum age for employment or work which by its nature, or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to jeopardize the health, safety or morals of a young person. A person under 18 years of age may only be employed in light work that is not likely to be harmful to his/her health or development, and does not affect his/her attendance at school.
A person under 15 years of age may not be employed.
The employment relationship is established for indefinite or definite time. The requests for young employees are sent to the Office for employment in the respective municipality, where the residence of the employer is located, if persons with required professions are available in these offices. The work requests can be announced in public media. Before signing the employment contract the employer notifies the employee with the contents of the collective contract and of other common acts that determine the rights and obligations.
With the provisions of the labor contract are regulated the probation employment relationships. The probation work cannot be extended to more than ninety (90) days from the day of the employment. During the probation work, the employer and employee can break up the employment relationship without notice.
The deadline for notice is seven (7) days.
Working time – Full working time is 40 hours per week. The working week is 5 days.
Employees under 18 years of age, pregnant women, and disabled persons are not permitted to work at night and over 40 hours per week.
Employee’s right to leave of absence from work – An employee is entitled to leave of absence from work with paid compensation of income up to seven (7) days per year as regulated by the law.
The period of annual leave is determined by the employer after consultation with the employee.
Maternity Leave – A female employed during the period of pregnancy and birth is entitled to six (6) continuous months of maternity leave.
Occupational safety and health – in order to provide minimal conditions of safety at work, the employer and employee are obliged, besides the rights and obligations provided for by law, to respect the provisions of this collective agreement on the occupational safety and health.