Elections for the Assembly of Kosovo are held on the basis of free, universal, equal, direct and secret vote pursuant to the Law on General Elections in Kosovo and Central Election Committee (CEC). Eligible voters are equal in the exercise of their right to vote and have the right to cast an equal number of votes in the same elections. Every citizen of Kosovo has the right to vote and be elected without discrimination on the ground of race, ethnicity, color, language, gender, religious belief or political convictions, social affiliation or any other similar criteria pursuant to the provisions of this law.
The Law on General Elections in Kosovo among others regulates:
- The recognition and the protection of the voting rights and the voter eligibility criteria;
- Maintenance of the list of voters;
- Voting procedures, counting, and the announcement of results;
Election administration bodies undertake voter education activities with the purpose of increasing voter awareness on the voting procedures and procedures for protecting electoral rights. For this purpose, elections administration bodies make available education material in the languages of communities in those geographical areas where such communities are located and through the media operating in minority language.
Freedom and privacy in casting the vote is guaranteed. No person has the right to prevent a citizen from voting, force one to vote in a certain way, hold anyone accountable for the vote, or request that anyone reveal his/her vote or state the reasons for failure to vote against his/her will.
Every person is eligible to vote in an election in accordance with this Law is he/she is at least eighteen (18) years of age on the day of the election and satisfies one of following criteria:
- Is registered as a citizen of Kosovo in the Central Civil Registry;
- Is residing outside Kosovo or left Kosovo on or after 1 January 1998, provided that he/she meets the criteria in applicable legislation for being a citizen of Kosovo; or
- Has obtained the status of a refugee, as defined in the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees of 28 July 1951 and its Protocol of 16 December 1966, on or after 1 January 1995, and is eligible to be registered in the Central Civil Registry as a resident of Kosovo;
No person may vote if he/she:
- Is serving a sentence imposed by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (“the Tribunal”);
- Is under indictment by the Tribunal and has failed to comply with an order to appear before the Tribunal; or
- Has been declared mentally incompetent by a final court decision.
Local Elections - As parliamentary elections, local elections in Kosovo are organized every 4 years. Each municipality is considered a separate election zone and the citizens of given municipality vote directly for their Municipal Assembly.
By exercising their right to vote, when voting the citizens should cast the vote for 1 political subject, political party and should directly vote for one candidate for Municipal President – who doesn’t necessarily have to be from the same political subject that the citizen has elected for the Assembly.
Through the lists and numbers the citizens may elect 10 most preferable candidates within the list of political subject for which they votes for Municipal Assembly.