Currently, Kosovo has 38 municipalities, 1,467 settlements in
which 1,780,021 live in an area of 10.896 km.
The largest municipality by population is the municipality of
Prishtinë/Priština with 198.897 residents, while the smallest municipality by
population is the municipality of Partesh/Parteš with 1,787 residents. The
largest municipality by surface is the municipality of Podujevë/Podujevo with
633 Km2, while the smallest municipality by surface is the municipality of
Mitrovicë Veriore/Severna Mitrovica with 5 km2.
Local self-government denotes the right and the ability of local
authorities, within the limits of the law, to regulate and manage a substantial
share of public affairs under their own responsibility and in the interests of
the local population.
Special attention is paid to the self-government in Kosovo during
the period of state formation, which is guaranteed by the Constitution and
The main bodies of the municipality are the Mayor and the
Municipal Assembly. The Mayor and Municipal Assembly's members are directly
elected for a four-year term through free and democratic elections.
Law on Local Self-Government provides three (3) types of municipal
competencies: own competencies, delegated powers and enhanced competences.
The municipal budget consists of government grants and municipal
revenues. The government grants comprise an absolute majority of the
municipalities' budget, respectively around 10% of the total budget of the
country. The main own revenues of municipalities is property tax collection.
The Government of the Republic of Kosova has set five objectives
for the next mid-term period:
- Increasing economic, social and local structural sustainability to
ensure that the parameters of local policies and financial modalities will
bring innovation to the development of municipalities.
- Creation of a framework for good governance and effective
regulation to ensure democratic representation of citizens and professional and
efficient administration of municipalities.
- Strengthening institutional capacities of local self-government to
meet the demands of citizens and achieve sustainable improvement in municipal
services for citizens.
- Strengthening partnerships between local government, civil society
and businesses to create active, comprehensive and cohesive citizens.
- Promotion of cultural and natural heritage and affirmation of
cultural, ethnic and linguistic diversity in municipalities to affect the
social, economic and cultural development.