Local Government and Decentralization

Currently, Kosovo has 38 municipalities, 1,467 settlements in which 1,780,021 live in an area of 10.896 km.  The largest municipality by population is the municipality of Prishtinë/Priština with 198.897 residents, while the smallest municipality by population is the municipality of Partesh/Parteš with 1,787 residents. The largest municipality by surface is the municipality of Podujevë/Podujevo with 633 Km2, while the smallest municipality by surface is the municipality of Mitrovicë Veriore/Severna Mitrovica with 5 km2.

 

Local self-government denotes the right and the ability of local authorities, within the limits of the law, to regulate and manage a substantial share of public affairs under their own responsibility and in the interests of the local population.

 

Special attention is paid to the self-government in Kosovo during the period of state formation, which is guaranteed by the Constitution and laws.

 

The main bodies of the municipality are the Mayor and the Municipal Assembly. The Mayor and Municipal Assembly's members are directly elected for a four-year term through free and democratic elections.

 

Law on Local Self-Government provides three (3) types of municipal competencies: own competencies, delegated powers and enhanced competences.

 

The municipal budget consists of government grants and municipal revenues. The government grants comprise an absolute majority of the municipalities' budget, respectively around 10% of the total budget of the country. The main own revenues of municipalities is property tax collection.

 

The Government of the Republic of Kosova has set five objectives for the next mid-term period:

 

- Increasing economic, social and local structural sustainability to ensure that the parameters of local policies and financial modalities will bring innovation to the development of municipalities.

 

- Creation of a framework for good governance and effective regulation to ensure democratic representation of citizens and professional and efficient administration of municipalities.

- Strengthening institutional capacities of local self-government to meet the demands of citizens and achieve sustainable improvement in municipal services for citizens.

 

- Strengthening partnerships between local government, civil society and businesses to create active, comprehensive and cohesive citizens.

 

- Promotion of cultural and natural heritage and affirmation of cultural, ethnic and linguistic diversity in municipalities to affect the social, economic and cultural development.

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